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The Tankoviy kostyum (original translation; Tankovij kostjum, in Cyrillics; Танковый костюм (literally meaning; Tanker's costume, abbreaviated ТК), alternatively known as Костюм танкиста (Kostjum tankista/Kostyum tankista, meaning; Costume of tankers) was once a battledress of Soviet and, nowadays, of Russian origin.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. It was originally intended for all Soviet tankers (vehicle crews/operators) in general during the Cold war era, as their standard and indispensible combat as well as working uniform.

As its official designation clearly points, it was deliberately designated as a costume (a suit - exactly like the infantryman's KZS) rather than a coverall (kombinezon, like the infantryman's KLMK, as an example), simply due to the fact that it was a two-piece battledress - consisting of pants/trousers and shirt/jacket (in contrast to above mentioned KLMK, which was exclusively one-piece and which was exactly due to that officially designated as being a coverall rather than a suit/costume), but was still not an actual uniform (just like the KZS), since it was only a combat/working suit, intended to be just worn above their standard-issue M-69 service and everyday uniform, used by all Soviet Armed Forces servicemen and personnel.

This tanker's suit evolved directly from the previous, Red Army's tanker coverall, known exactly as the Tankoviy kombinezon (Танковый комбинезон - Tanker's coverall),[13] which originated back from late 1930s and was commonly used through the entire World War II up until the early 1970s (with some minor changes to the cut after the war). At first glance, it was very similar to it, mainly since both were made completely from black-colored textile and both featured integrated suit-alike belt with metallic buckle around waist.

However, there were actually severe differences - firstly, the previously used coverall was a one-piece (exactly why it was designated as being kombinezon/coverall, rather than kostyum/costume - roughly the same as in KLMK case), in contrast to this one, which was a two-piece (like KZS), as already mentioned. Moreover, the material (textile type) was also different, since the coverall version was made out of canvas, while the later suit version is exclusively made from cotton.

The coverall version featured only two pockets (single one on shirt and a single one on trousers), while this suit features four altogether (two chest ones on shirt, and additional two thigh ones, on trousers) Also, the suit finally saw introduction of the special, winter model (featuring fur-filled trousers and jacket, in place of shirt), which was never found in the old coverall (coverall was simply worn with popular white or khaki Bekeša/Bekesha wool-made coats during winter). Furthermore, this suit is easily distinguished from the previously used coverall by another easily noticeable detail, as it always featured a distinctive stylized yellow T-62 (nowadays T-90) tank featured on a dark rhomboid background, a patch sewn onto the shirt's right chest, indicating armor troops/units.

Also, this suit existed in two models (both which featured summer together with winter variants). Although literally same in design even to smallest possible details, the earlier model (made from 1972 until 1983) featured black appearance, while the later one (produced from 1983 until 1993) was severely brighter, featuring a distinctive khaki appearance.

In contrast to most other Soviet-made equipment (which was continuted to be extensively used even after the fall of the USSR), the Tankoviy kostyum in its both mentioned models (black & khaki) was produced and used mainly by Soviet (and to very small-scale later Russian) tankers, that is, through the second half until the end of the Cold war era (from 1972 until 1993). It was then officially phased out from service in then newly-formed Russian army in 1993 and firstly replaced with essentially the same suit but now featuring camouflage patterns (the TTsKO and the new VSR and later Flora pattern) and then completely replaced simply with common infantryman's uniforms in those same camouflages (today also in newest, EMR digital pattern).

However, beginning as of 2017 and new modernization program of the Russian army, the slightly redesigned Tankoviy kostyum is nowadays returned to both production and service, now appearing in dark blue (the so-called Navy blue) pattern and featuring few trivial changes to the cut.

Although common and still relatively easy to acquire in most former Soviet states, the original Soviet versions (black and khaki) are nowadays relatively rare and hard to obtain in rest of the Europe and world, since they are not in production almost thirty years and since the were used exclusively by the Soviet army (apart from the current Russian army version).

Early (black) model

Two Soviet army tank commanders wearing their distinctive TSh-4M-L helmets (the summer version) as well as the earlier/black suits with distinctive tank patch sewn onto their right chest, atop of T-55AK tank during training exercise in Siberia in 1975. Leather straps with a buckle means they are carrying the usual officer's brownish map case (see photos below), which was very often used by tank commanders and Soviet army officers in general. Their type of shoulder boards also indicate that they are officers (left one is a Captain, while the right one is a Senior warrant officer).

The original (black) model of Tankoviy kostyum made its first appearance in both production and service of tankers from Soviet Army in 1972, following a regulation through decree No. 92 issued directly from Soviet Ministry of Defense on 27th April of the same year - simultaneously replacing the previously used (also black, but one-piece) tanker coverall (the Tankoviy kombinezon), which was originally worn and used back from late 1930s and WWII period (with few trivial changes to the cut in further decades).

Furthermore, following a Defense Ministry decree No. 211 starting from 16th September 1974, the usage of Tankoviy kostyum and all of its accessories was also regulated for two other branches of the Army (for SPG and SPAAG crewmen), as well as for members of Soviet Navy, that is, for tankers of Soviet marines, which were operating PT-76 light amphibious tanks back from 1951 and were previously also using the regular one-piece black coveralls.

However, due to slow process of swapping the old equipment with new within the Soviet army, the new suit was not widely adopted up until 1975 at least and was continued to be regularly paired with almost the same accessories (headwear and footwear), as found in the previously used coverall. In case of headwear, it was paired with then newest version of distinctive TSh-4M (Tankoviy shlem, Modernizirovanniy, meaning; Tanker's helmet, Modernized) helmet, featuring a built-in headset, consisting of R-124 intercom (which consisted of twin laryngophones, headphones and a plug - for connecting into the R-123 standard tank radio), which originally appeared back during early 1950s as direct result of introduction of the first Soviet main battle tank- the famous T-55, which was also their first tank featuring a radio-set.

Although, apart from the sole helmet, it could be also paired with newly received wool-made black beret[14], featuring a frontally worn metallic red star (for everyday use and when not operating vehicles), a feature never found in the previously used coverall. In context of underwear, it was continuted to be regularly worn with a basic uniform underneath, in its case, the standard issue M-69 - a greenish, cotton-made service as well as combat uniform which was worn and used by literally all Soviet Army servicemen.

A group of Soviet tankers at rest beside their T-62A tank in Eastern Siberia, May 1975. They are all wearing the winter version of the early/black suit model, distinguished by jacket featuring detachable fur lining around the collar, paired with TSh-4M-Z helmets (winter version, also featuring the fur-filled insides).

In case of footwear, it was still paired with distinctive and even then very popular Sapogi leather-made jackboots, which were back then issued to and used by almost all Soviet Armed Forces personnel (even for battledress/combat uniforms).

As in case of previously mentioned coverall, the new suit was also made out of all-out black textile pattern and also featured a integrated cotton (suit-alike) belt with a metallic buckle (which now featured metallic rings on its holes). Reason why it continued to feature such dark appearance was the fact that such color was most suitable for tankers, as it easily helped to conceal any spots of fuel, grease/lubricants, engine oil as well as gunpowder from fired shell cases, which is naturally expected to spoil their uniform at daily basis. Due to exactly the same reason the World War II German (Wehrmacht) tankers (the PanzertruppenArmor troops) wore their all-out black wool uniforms[15][16], same as their opposing Red Army tankers of the period.

However, the newly introduced suit now consisted of two pieces (shirt and trousers), due to which it was renamed from coverall to costume, as mentioned before. Each of those two elements featured two frontal, closed pockets with peaked pocket covers. It also made introduction of the winter variant, which featured a fur-filled trousers and a jacket instead of shirt.

T-64 crewmen consulting with an Mi-8 pilot (middle) during Zapad-81 military exercise, 1981. Like on the first photo, the tankers (Senior Lieutenant on the left, Captain to the right) are wearing the usual summer black version of the suit, paired with TSh-4M-L headset. The pilot is wearing the standard helicopter pilot's two-piece dark blue coverall (the Kostjum Letčika/Kostyum Letchika), paired with ŠL/ShL-78 (ШЛ-78) helicopter pilot's helmet with an integrated headset.

The jacket was multi-layered internally (one of these layers also being fur-lining), while externally it also featured distinctive dark-grey or black detachable fur-lining on the collar and featured vertical, open side pockets. The buckling of all suit components was done via both classic plastic buttoning knobs as well as zip buttoning, which were sewn on both trousers and shirt/jacket's sleeves as well as on pockets.

Summer versions featured integrated belt on the trousers while the winter ones had it on the jacket. Because of that and due to being heavier, the winter trousers included belt loops instead, intended for pulling through the standard Soviet army brownish leather belt with metallic buckle (featuring a red star decorated with hammer and sickle) or the standard Soviet officer's belt with a double buckling piece. [17][18] In case of tanker's equipment, those belts served only for carrying the usual Soviet canvas magazine pouch on it[19][20] (intended for three AKM or AK-74 spare magazines).

Although the Soviet tankers were officially always issued with an AKS-74U automatic carbine as their standard firearm and thus, the belonging pouch containing three spare magazines along with it, they almost never preferred to actually wear nor the rifle nor the pouch on them (along with any other equipment - map case, gas mask bag and other), simply due to the fact that literally anything worn on them could seriously hinder them while getting in and out of the tanks through the hatches above, which were also severely narrow. This was especially important if they had to quickly bail out when the tank was hit and burning, where literally every second could mean the difference between life and death.

Moreover, tendency not to wear anything else on them (beside the sole suits) while operating their combat vehicles was also present due to one more important reason - to avoid any equipment being accidentally snagged into large mechanism of the automatic reloader located inside the tanks (which was present starting from T-64 and which was always located right in between the two seats - commander's and gunner's, and was divided from them only by short railing), what could even be of life danger, in more extreme cases.

Three tank commanders (officers) behind a BMP-1, discussing movements with mechanized infantry during an exercise, late 1970s. They are also wearing the usual summer black version of the suit along with standard TSh-4M-L headset and a map/document case. The two infantrymen are wearing the KLMK one-piece camouflage coveralls, paired with standard SŠ-68 (SSh-68) steel combat helmet along with artificial folliage.

This also logically explains why the Soviet and today Russian tankers are rarely seen with a firearm, less indeed with a magazine pouch or any other equipment on their belts while operating combat vehicles, as they always preferred to actually stash the pouch together with the rifle inside the vehicle and then take it out and put onto them only if staying or fighting outside the vehicle (in other words, only if the vehicle is temporarily unmanned, abandoned, disabled or destroyed).

However, exactly due to these issues, both the summer (shirt) as well as the winter (jacket) versions of the suit included an internal pistol pocket (another featured not found in the previously used coverall), intended for standard-issue PM (Pistolet Makarova), which ensured that it could be always carried.

Purely due to differentation reasons, the summer variant of the suit is sometimes abbreaviated as the ТКЛ (TKL, meaning Tankoviy Kostyum Letniy, translated as; Tanker's Costume Summer), while the winter one as the ТК3 (TKZ, meaning; Tankoviy Kostyum Zimniy, translated as; Tanker's Costume Winter). Another easily noticeable and already mentioned feature is the fact that for some reason, only the summer versions came with distinctive stylized yellow T-62 tank featured on a dark rhomboid background, a patch always sewn onto the shirt's right chest.

Artist Ronald Volstad impression of standard Soviet army tanker appearances from early 1970s until late 1980s (from Osprey title Inside the Soviet Army). The two are wearing the earlier/black suits, with winter variant worn in the middle (by one looking through PNV-57 tanker's night vision), distinguished by its fur lining on collar. All are also wearing their popular Sapogi jackboots and two of them are using TSh-4M helmets. Two are armed with their standard-issue AKS-74U automatic carbine, while the right one features a GP-5 gas mask along with the OPVT diving equipment (used as a part of training for getting out of combat vehicles if became immobilized under water).

Winter versions never featured any kind of patches, except sometimes rank insignia on shoulders, while the summer versions always included the shoulder rank insignia as well as official armor troops patch on the upper left sleeve. On the other hand however, only the winter pants included external marking depicting a red star decorated with hammer and sicke, along with inscription BC (VS, from Cyrillics, abbreviation for Вооружённые Силы, translated as Voorjžjunnij Sili/Vooryzyuhenniy Sili and meaning - Armed Forces), located on the upper left trouser leg.

Interestingly, the trousers also featured laces on both leg endings, as a new feature which served for tightening of trouser legs to prevent them from dragging or falling out from boot. This was somewhat odd feature, since the Soviet tankers exclusively wore the, already mentioned, Sapogi jackboots, which were going almost as far as up to the knees. So, due to these boot's high profile, it was actually very hard (if not literally impossible) for trouser leg to even slightly drag out, less indeed fall out from boot, regardless of the fact whether the trouser legs were tied or not. Therefore, the role of these laces was to tighten the trousers legs only if they were not sticked into the boots (however, that kind of was wearing was rarely practiced).

Internally, both shirt (or jacket) and pants/trousers always featured a distinctive white markings printed, in which the size, serial number of production, year and place of manufacturing as well as the cleaning regulations were found[21].

The first or earlier (black) model of the suit was in serial production and official usage by Soviet tankers for eleven years (from 1972 until 1983) and was thus used in all of their tanks of the period; from T-55 and T-62 through T-64 and T-72 up until T-80, when it was replaced with literally the same model, but only of different color (appearance). However, the original (black) model was neverthless unofficially continuted to be occassionally used and even produced as far as late 1980s, which was contributed to generally very slow process of swapping the old equipment and uniforms with new ones in the Soviet armed forces. This was actually pretty regular for such a huge force (counting more than few million men in active service and as fivefold as that in addition/reserve) as the Soviet army was.

Another artist impression of winter configuration of the early/black suit model, showing the Sapogi jackboots not being sticked into the pants, which was relatively rarely practiced. The figure wears the TSh-4M-Z helmet, is also armed with an AKS-74U carbine and issued with the officer's map case.

Apart from tanks, the Tankoviy kostyum was also issued to crewmen of all Soviet ICV's (infantry combat vehicles); the BMP-1, BMP-2 and BMP-3. Furthermore, it was also regularly issued to all crewmen of their SPG's - the 2S1 Gvozdika, 2S3 Akatsiya, 2S4 Tyulpan, 2S5 Giatsint and 2S7 Pion and even to crewmen of short/medium range mobile anti-aircraft systems (SPAAG) of the period (the ones which were assigned directly to armored and mechanized units), the ZSU-23-4 Shilka, 9K31 Strela-1, 9K33 Osa, 9K35 Strela-10, 2K22 Tunguska, 2K11 Krug, 2K12 Kub, 9K37 Buk and 9K330 Tor.

A relatively common misconception regarding the Soviet tanker suits is that they were made fire-resistant (like the Nomex-made Bundeswehr Panzerkombi and the USA CVC tanker coveralls, as an example). This is mostly erroneous belief, as the Tankoviy kostyum together with its predecessor (the Tankoviy kombinezon) in its basic versions (both summer and winter) were always made from the usual cotton, reinforced with additional polyester fibers - for better durability and firmness of the suit (just like the common infantry uniforms) and were thus, never intended to provide fire-resistant features.

However, there really was a special, fireproof version of the suit, usually abbreviated as ТКО - Танковый Костюм Огнеупорный/Огнезащитный (Tankoviy Kostyum Ogneuporniy/Ognezashitniy, the latter simply meaning - Fireproof/Fire-resistant) in both in black and later khaki versions, which firstly appeared even before the original appearance of Tankoviy kostyum in 1972. It featured classic fire-resistant nylon layers above the usual cotton, different pocket composition and included gloves as well as hood along with a distinctive face-protective fireproof mask (by design similar to the one issued with KLMK coverall). For some reason however, it was very rarely issued and used (only for specific purposes).

Apart from it, the only Soviet fireproof tanker's piece was the 1930s Red Army black leather tanker's jacket, which was already during 1940s and WWII period officially surpassed by already mentioned one-piece cotton-made coveralls.

Late (khaki) model

Soviet tankers posing with their new and then recently received summer khaki suits during 1980s. Some of them are also already wearing the newest and still latest model of TSh-4M helmets (recognizable by six longitudinal lines on the overhead as well as larger ear coverings due to featuring new sound isolators) which were introduced simultaneously along with these new suits and which will become widely distributed yet in the Russian army during early 1990s.

Following a 1982 decree issued from Soviet Ministry of Defense, the Soviet Armed Forces faced another modernization program, which, among new technology, equipment and weaponry, also included new uniforms and appearance of various branches and units.

As a result, the following year (1983) Soviet infantry, marines (the MPR) and paratroopers (the VDV) in the first place, received the all out-new and unique uniform, which is nowadays in the West often colloquially designated as M-88 (although it appeared earlier than that) and which now consisted of camouflage/battledress version together with non-camouflage, standard service/everyday version. The battledress version was actually their very first actual camouflage uniform, as it included the ТЦКО[22] (Три-Цветная Камуфлированная Одежда - TTsKO, meaning, Tricvetnaja Kamufliorvannaja Odežda/Tritsvetnaya Kamuflirovannaya Odezhda, translated as Three-tone camouflage clothing) pattern, which finally and soon largely replaced the previously used KLMK and KZS two-tone camouflage coveralls (although both of those were continued to be produced and officially used to this day, but much less than before the appearance of the new TTsKO pattern, that is, the M-88 uniform.)

However, the biggest change was in the introduction of the everyday/service version of M-88 (often popularly nicknamed Afganka, due to being originally introduced to personnel involved in Soviet-Afghan war), which was made in distinctive khaki pattern and which finally replaced the previous and already obsolete M-69 uniform (which was until then, often used even as battledress).

T-80 crewmen installing/repairing its track piece during training exercise, late 1980s. Like on the previous photo, they are all wearing the summer version of the later/khaki suit along with the latest TSh-4M-L helmets, but here combined with tanker's full-combat equipment; each issued with an AKS-74U carbine along with a separate (leather) belt featuring a canvas magazine pouch and a gas-mask bag over the shoulder (either GP-5 or GP-7).

Exactly due to changes regarding uniforms and appearance of personnel, in the same year the Soviet tankers also received new, but essentially the same suit model as the previous one, whose sole difference was exactly its appearance - since it was now also made in severely brighter and immediately recognizable khaki pattern, instead of the usual black (as found in the previous model). This was done purely due to standardization reasons and nothing else practical, that is, just in order to match the appearance of tankers with newly-introduced infantryman's Afganka everyday/service uniforms, since both were now made in khaki pattern, as mentioned.

Everything else considering the new tanker's suit model (from its sole design to all suit components and features) remained literally the same as in the previous version (retaining even the smallest details, like the stylized T-62 patch on the shirt's right chest). Along with new model of the existing suit, they also received the updated model of the existing headset (their TSh-4M helmet), which now featured square and much larger (more bulged-out) ear covers (due to having additional noise-reducing layers built-in) as well as six head-protective longitudial lines on the overhead (two additional at the sides, which replaced the previous vertically-diagonal ones, as found in previous model of the headset).

Tanker belonging to the elite 2nd Guards Motor Rifle Division Tamanskaja (Tamanskaya) standing atop of his T-80U tank during unsuccessfull August 1991 Coup d'etat in Moscow's Red square. He is also wearing the summer late/khaki version of the suit paired along with the newest version of TSh-4M-L helmet, Sapogi jackboots and is armed with an AKS-74U together with its magazine pouch.

As mentioned before, although the new khaki suits were originally and officially adopted by all Soviet army tankers back in 1983, the process of swapping the previous (black) suits was relatively slow, so the black suits were still in both production and usage for the further five years - up until 1988 at least, when they were finally and completely phased out in favor to the khaki model. This indeed slow process of new uniforms and equipment distrubution among personnel was in fact much usual for the Soviet armed forces and should not surprise at all, as the Soviet army was a truly huge force (which counted more than few million active personnel back in the time and much more in reserve) so it was pretty normal that it took at least few good years to replenish every single solider with newly introduced gear, uniforms and equipment. It was thus, not unusual to spot some Soviet tankers still wearing the older/black suits in 1986/87, despite the fact that they officially started switching those with khaki ones back in 1983.

The changing of the color (from black into khaki) of the tanker's suit during 1980s marked the final change of appearance of Soviet and previously Red Army tankers after almost fifty years, since they officially wore the all-out black suits/coveralls from late 1930s until early 1980s (although, the Red Army tankers often unofficially wore either light-grey, brown or dark-blue colored coveralls during WWII, but that was exclusively an alternative which appeared due to severe shortages of the black-colored textile).

Russian tankers taking a break behind their BMP-2 near Grozny railway station during the siege of the city in winter of 1994, as part of the First Chechen war. They are all wearing the winter version of later/khaki tanker's suit, easily recognizable by fur-lining around collar. This was one of the last usage of this suit in then recently founded Russian army, as it was officially phased out of production and service in favor to camouflage pattern (TTsKO and VSR) uniforms already a year earlier (in 1993).

Interestingly, regardless of the fact that the suit appearance was changed (in both winter and summer versions), their main headwear (the mentioned TSh-4M) nonetheless remained produced exclusively in black appearance until the very end of USSR and still continutes as such to this day (although the khaki-made TSh-4M helmets did exist, however, those were produced briefly and in small quantities, as they were being intended only for tankers serving in Afghanistan).

In contrast to the mentioned infantry camouflage patterns and uniforms, (which were continued to be extensively used by the newly formed Russian and most other post-Soviet armies as far as early 2010s), the khaki model of tanker's suit was almost immediately discontinuted from both usage and production after the breakup of USSR and was firstly replaced with another model of the existing suit (now featuring TTsKO or, then new, VSR camouflage pattern). Soon later, those models too were completely phased-out in favor to common infantryman's uniform (from 1998 also featured in then new, Flora camouflage pattern)[23][24][25], thus largely eliminating the difference in appearance of tankers and infantry (except the headwear) in Russian Armed Forces (up until 2011), which was always present in the Soviet army.

Another photo from the First Chechen war in winter of 1994, showing Russian tankers along with belonging mechanized infantry taking cover behind their BMP-2. They are also wearing the winter khaki suits like on the photo above and are all armed with standard infantryman's AK-74M automatic rifles fitted with GP-30 grenade launchers, since the previously used AKS-74U carbine was officially discontinued in both production and usage (for tankers) a year earlier (in 1993).

This means that the khaki model was formally produced and used for further ten years (almost as same as the previous, black version), since it appeared back in 1983 but was already during 1993 officially phased-out from service and production and replaced with camouflage pattern suits and then uniforms.

The khaki model, however, had seen much more usage in various conflicts - being extensively used by Soviet tankers in Afghanistan during 1980s (although the black version was firstly also used, but very briefly) and even, to a much smaller scale, unofficially by later Russian army tankers during First Chechen war of middle 1990s (as seen on the photos to the right).

Regardless of that fact it is still relatively easy to find in post-Soviet states (mostly Russia and Ukraine), it is very hard to acquire in other parts of Europe and world, simply due to the fact it was used exclusively by Soviet and Russian army and since it is not in production for more than twenty years.

Modern (blue) model

Modern Russian tankers wearing the latest/dark-blue version of Tankoviy kostyum, which also features a new tank patch (now depicting a stylized T-90 instead of previous T-62), paired with newest model of TSh-4M headset and standard-issue gas-mask bags across their shoulders.

As of early 2010s, the Russian Armed Forces faced their newest modernization program pursued under policies of the current Defense minister Sergej Šojgu (Sergey Shoygu, on English alphabet) and General staff chief Valerij Gerasimov (Valery Gerasimov). This modernization, among other new technology, weaponry and equipment, firstly saw introduction of the new parade uniforms for all branches (similar to the ones worn by the old Russian Empire officers), as well as the new Ratnik (literally; Warrior) program, which, among many other features, introduced the all-out new EMR pattern (the Russian first digital camouflage uniform) as a replacement for the Flora pattern (itself a replacement for previously used VSR), which was officially used from 1998 until 2011 as the standard camouflage of the Armed Forces.

For Russian tankers, this modernization program, ironically, marked the returning of these originally Soviet tanker suits beginning as of 2017[26] (after more than twenty years of disuse) in both usage and production and generally ended their usage of standard infantryman's camouflage uniforms (either TTsKO, VSR or Flora), which were also extensively used by them since 1993 until then.

Modern Russian tanker appearances, from left to right; the newest winter model of Tankoviy kostyum (now also featuring a detachable hood for jacket), summer variant (paired with tanker's beret) and Armata crewman wearing infantryman's EMR digital pattern paired with newest, 6B48 body armor and all-out new headset (both part of Ratnik program). As visible from the photo, the suit is nowadays not paired with once-popular Sapogi jackboots as before, but with usual all-out laces infantry combat boots.

However, the current Russian army version of the Tankoviy kostyum now exist only in dark blue (the so-called Navy blue) appearance[27] (at first glance very similar to the Soviet early/black model, which is why it is often incorrectly refered to as being black) and it features slightly redesigned patch, which now depicts a styllized T-90 tank[28][29][30] (instead of previous T-62) but which remains located on the same place (chest) and enclosed by the same rhomboid background.

Also, the suit now does not feature the same pants, as the pants now lack pockets and they do not feature the integrated suit-alike cotton belt anymore, but loops for separately used belt instead (as found in winter variants of the pants in the Soviet models), so the suit is not completely identical to the original Soviet versions (either black or khaki), although the shirt remained roughly the same (twin peaked pockets covers, knob buttons, same collar and etc).

Furthermore, in context of footwear, the Tankoviy kostyum is nowadays not paired with classic Sapogi jackboots anymore, but with modern all-out laces combat boots instead[31][32][33], used by the common infantry and other branches (Sapogi are nowdays being occasionally worn only by the Russian marines - the MPR forces).

In context of underwear, the suit is not paired with any kind of service uniform (like M-69, as was in the Soviet case), but with a simple greenish T-shirt below. So, it is practically not a suit anymore, but the actual tanker's uniform, since it is not worn over the basic uniform below. In context of headwear, it is still paired with either the newest version of their distinctive TSh-4M headset[34][35] (when operating vehicles) or classic wool-made black beret[36] (for everyday use and parades) and now also with EMR digital pattern classic field cap, as the alternative to the beret.[37][38][39][40][41]

Russian tankers gathered around dismantled NSVT heavy machine gun, wearing the summer version of the suit paired along with standard infantryman's EMR digital-pattern field cap (for everyday use), as the newest alternative to the usually worn beret. Behind them is a T-90M Proryv, currently the newest model of T-90 tank.

One of the most notable changes also being the usage of additional, fire-resistant material, which is actually one of the main reasons why the usual infantry (camouflage) uniforms were discontinuted in usage by tankers and replaced with these suits. In comparison with the previous (Soviet) models, the modern (Russian) version of the suit now does provide full fireproof, as it is always covered with additional nylon layer above the usual cotton (Soviet versions featured nylon/fireproof only in specific versions, while the basic/standard ones were exclusively cotton made, reinforced with polyester fibers). The suit nowadays also features the modern ripstop cut.

Moreover, the the suit now also features additional, anti-infrared layers on the existing fire-resistant material, which severely lowers the possibility of spotting its wearer via thermal devices (as an example, the feature is very useful when crewmen have to abandon the disabled vehicle in the middle of the firefight).[42]

Except the sole design of the suit and its materials, there is also a minor change regarding the insignia worn on it - the usage of the once usual shoulder ranks is today restricted exclusively for officers/tank commanders, while the regular tankers are not featuring any kind of rank insignia anymore.

Despite the fact that the originally Soviet Tankoviy kostyum is again returned to usage in the modern Russian army, many Russian tankers and vehicle crewmen in general are neverthless officially using the EMR digital pattern or other infantry camouflage uniforms[43][44][45][46][47] (but mostly the SPG, SPAAG and Armata crewmen), so the Tankoviy kostyum is today for usage exclusively restricted only for crewmen of their currently used MBT's (T-72, T-80 and T-90) and IFV's/ICV's (BMP-2 and BMP-3).

Variants

Summer field tanker suit:

Winter field tanker suit:

In popular culture

Media

Notes

Date

The Beast The late (khaki) model is used by the T-55 crew 1988
Operation Flashpoint: Cold War Crisis The early (black) model is used by Soviet crewmen, inappropriately paired with Czech vz. 90 instead of Soviet Sapogi boots 2001
World in Conflict The late (khaki) model is used by the Soviet tankers 2007
Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare The trousers of late (khaki) model are used by the OpFor 2007
Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain The trousers of late (khaki) model are used by the armoured Soviet troops 2015

References

  1. http://www.red-alliance.net/forum/index.php?topic=18495.5
  2. 2.0 2.1 https://www.etsy.com/sg-en/listing/463900919/uniform-canvas-pants-khaki-green
  3. http://www.illinoisairsoft.com/index.php?topic=14860.0
  4. http://www.ebay.com/itm/Russian-Soviet-USSR-Army-Tank-Troops-Suit-Uniform-Sand-1980s-1990s-/172084437363?hash=item2811082173:g:wqoAAOSwFdtXxINl
  5. http://www.ebay.com/itm/USSR-Soviet-army-military-daily-jacket-tank-troops-Major-tankman-198X-/351906715105?hash=item51ef4655e1:g:93MAAOSwoi1X82cD
  6. http://www.ebay.com/itm/Rare-Soviet-Russian-patch-chevron-jumpsuit-Tank-Troops-USSR-army-UNIFORM-emblem-/262700575244?hash=item3d2a2caa0c:g:FNgAAOSwrklVJpHh
  7. http://www.ebay.com/itm/Authentic-Soviet-Union-Army-Banner-Tank-Forces-Vintage-USSR-Army-Banner-Rare-/142027563885?hash=item211180a36d:g:ESkAAOSw3YNXYvnq
  8. http://www.ebay.com/itm/Russian-Soviet-Army-Tankman-Jacket-Afghan-war-Olive-100-Cotton-1991-dated-USSR/142210989201?_trksid=p2047675.c100005.m1851&_trkparms=aid%3D222007%26algo%3DSIC.MBE%26ao%3D2%26asc%3D38530%26meid%3Deee31a51cd7e40d488745b774011fcea%26pid%3D100005%26rk%3D5%26rkt%3D6%26sd%3D272477552249
  9. http://www.ebay.ie/itm/231949184085
  10. http://www.softairmania.it/threads/44629-%D1%80%D1%83%D1%81%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B5-%D1%83%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%8F-%D0%B2-%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%B9%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%B8-(russian-forces-in-action!!)/page63
  11. https://www.google.bg/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fi.ebayimg.com%2Fimages%2Fg%2Fq-EAAOSwPcVV0Xn1%2Fs-l400.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ebay.com%2Fcln%2Fdesertfox1012%2Farmy%2F111943952010&docid=t15pUoJZRr0b6M&tbnid=mpcXWIKZkA2eWM%3A&vet=1&w=400&h=300&bih=891&biw=1680&q=brown%20soviet%20tanker%20uniform&ved=0ahUKEwjsjZ3moOjRAhVElxQKHUWmAegQMwhnKEMwQw&iact=mrc&uact=8
  12. https://www.ebay.ie/itm/Military-Russian-Army-Soviet-Winter-Tank-Suit-Soldier-USSR-Uniform-Jacket-Pants-/162668689145
  13. https://forum.ww2.ru/uploads/monthly_05_2011/post-6344-0-34437600-1304680865.jpg
  14. https://ok.ru/group2yamirova/topic/75730756182016
  15. https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DrVc8OKX4AEcavR.jpg
  16. https://thecitizenhistorian.files.wordpress.com/2018/11/waffen-ss-panzer-2.jpg?w=720
  17. https://www.sovietmilitarystuff.com/image/cache/data/beltGreen1-1500x1000.jpg
  18. https://www.sovietmilitarystuff.com/image/cache/data/from%2001.06.2018/21092019-belt-1500x1000.jpg
  19. https://enemymilitaria.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Photo-Jan-05-9-31-16-AM.jpg
  20. https://i.guim.co.uk/img/static/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2011/8/16/1313489958021/A-soldier-loyal-to-the-co-003.jpg?width=700&quality=85&auto=format&fit=max&s=358dc978021d9cb9fd51abdeeec031e5
  21. https://img.allzip.org/g/114/orig/5764407.jpg
  22. https://live.staticflickr.com/1665/24935879780_c8be8cb942_b.jpg
  23. https://pbs.twimg.com/media/B_ZknINUcAA8gnh.jpg
  24. https://blogs.reuters.com/great-debate/files/2015/01/russian_commander.jpg
  25. https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/proxy/-s87sfGo1u_CtGDhLyp-2yI2BtoYQrqzWRl6TXHo5p6rAHeRIIW1cYj0g_PEKyn7bgDSs4d9dIEQq0y_JRmoG-QQOleGNs3HG8k5H8Gd4T2jhLlWpgJhJAnC94fvBCqV
  26. https://rg.ru/2017/05/20/tankistam-vernuli-chernye-kombinezony.html
  27. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-0/p640x640/106204348_2681811772061562_2080904118915083984_o.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=D9k8jm07WTcAX9lw03w&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=6&oh=a37329899ed91c53841a6055f3d09567&oe=5F4E9D4F
  28. https://xn--80ahclcogc6ci4h.xn--90anlfbebar6i.xn--p1ai/images/upload/2019/tankiUVO-1200_3.JPG
  29. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-0/p640x640/83068342_2659099480999458_1788364909642252288_o.jpg?_nc_cat=109&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=yuexvfLu_KwAX9f-XC8&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=6&oh=dfee296443eedb0872182e08b8381c38&oe=5F4EDC7F
  30. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/s960x960/116879681_2707837249459014_5243411133547642549_o.jpg?_nc_cat=109&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=qc_WIhCtxbQAX-xCR1T&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=7&oh=d0df91b66c6917993d3b82b80b0385a0&oe=5F4E0A8A
  31. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/s960x960/116879168_2709513299291409_3672195775387379311_o.jpg?_nc_cat=101&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=ZcHLpgj16p8AX-9xv5A&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=7&oh=4dad20f90c21b9e1958e687f3bd66bd2&oe=5F4F45A5
  32. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-0/p640x640/102453373_2659099404332799_2049246437291589632_o.jpg?_nc_cat=111&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=GJA1KD4d7LoAX_OWCjp&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=6&oh=5d9df777bb3af358b772a5a54e9298ac&oe=5F5026EF
  33. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/s960x960/116910251_2707837179459021_8249906648367056136_o.jpg?_nc_cat=110&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=Jp8vBQ5koDYAX-mE7p8&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=7&oh=55b29effe698dfb446d8445186eabd87&oe=5F4EF3A0
  34. https://xn--80ahclcogc6ci4h.xn--90anlfbebar6i.xn--p1ai/images/upload/2017/_R8B3096-1200.JPG
  35. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/s960x960/117105267_2710375832538489_6887182461567095317_o.jpg?_nc_cat=111&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=1Hls4QfYP_cAX9ZMaf2&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=7&oh=5b6025583b02599fa484a3406f8432f4&oe=5F4F54FE
  36. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-0/p640x640/106588997_2681811608728245_7964687650879052546_o.jpg?_nc_cat=102&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=QMjqF9G70WUAX_gcgTV&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=6&oh=aa4f5e63786f235fe0bc93563d3af595&oe=5F51B314
  37. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/s960x960/117099875_2710375812538491_7925306861768163482_o.jpg?_nc_cat=108&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=7-B3g1cEEYUAX8PrtJ3&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=7&oh=a6487e0c30d2cac093b47838e609413e&oe=5F4E75EE
  38. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/s960x960/116910251_2707837179459021_8249906648367056136_o.jpg?_nc_cat=110&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=Jp8vBQ5koDYAX-mE7p8&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=7&oh=55b29effe698dfb446d8445186eabd87&oe=5F4EF3A0
  39. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-0/p640x640/103029383_2664075663835173_3805725152100515163_o.jpg?_nc_cat=107&_nc_sid=e007fa&_nc_ohc=EsbI2bQqWAgAX_zd5Hp&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=6&oh=5ed44a268d2d0486ef7ddb0e3eba1d30&oe=5F4E1499
  40. https://xn--80ahclcogc6ci4h.xn--90anlfbebar6i.xn--p1ai/images/upload/2017/_R8B3120-1200.JPG
  41. https://xn--80ahclcogc6ci4h.xn--90anlfbebar6i.xn--p1ai/images/upload/2019/tankiUVO-1200_14.JPG
  42. https://rg.ru/2017/05/20/tankistam-vernuli-chernye-kombinezony.html
  43. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-0/p640x640/116741214_2707023309540408_1758951409833147795_o.jpg?_nc_cat=101&_nc_sid=e007fa&_nc_ohc=2IpXloRX6C0AX_5dxXB&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=6&oh=862b55d1bf82c0c0d2456f97af0f589a&oe=5F4F1C84
  44. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-0/p640x640/110240188_2698014797107926_208440250994581761_o.jpg?_nc_cat=105&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=Sm1ZGyn20DYAX8Xwt7E&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=6&oh=5e9ea4b42c0f80f0adedcea15874d730&oe=5F4EDEA9
  45. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-0/p640x640/105455568_2676680875907985_7388095419180713806_o.jpg?_nc_cat=106&_nc_sid=e007fa&_nc_ohc=sXu2a5ASKZsAX-mAtLx&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=6&oh=b22b9813f25a228c0899917705039930&oe=5F507228
  46. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-0/p640x640/104627715_2671756466400426_2284215062083477724_o.jpg?_nc_cat=104&_nc_sid=8024bb&_nc_ohc=0PqnYXs25qoAX9hDpX-&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=6&oh=d94da8f46fb2997fe9ba33fd6abe9244&oe=5F516FE4
  47. https://scontent.fzag1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/s960x960/104595785_2671097969799609_8127989483731297498_o.jpg?_nc_cat=109&_nc_sid=e007fa&_nc_ohc=Sx9tOCkySjIAX-aXZ4A&_nc_ht=scontent.fzag1-1.fna&_nc_tp=7&oh=12a44c4d49ab090d65747309c431167c&oe=5F4EC9B1
  48. http://www.terapeak.com/worth/star-uniform-russian-army-ussr-tarpaulin-technician-repair-tank-54-3-new/181902233808/
  49. https://www.google.bg/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fimg.photobucket.com%2Falbums%2Fv215%2Fshervin2%2FPicture196.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wehrmacht-awards.com%2Fforums%2Fshowthread.php%3Ft%3D480836&docid=S6hI79CuytsYMM&tbnid=Vm5KigF6VZFJDM%3A&vet=1&w=500&h=750&bih=891&biw=1680&q=russian%20tanker%20uniform&ved=0ahUKEwjjk9a46JfRAhWErRoKHWydC6QQMwhSKDEwMQ&iact=mrc&uact=8#h=750&vet=1&w=500
  50. http://www.ebay.com/itm/tank-crew-winter-army-uniform-soviet-russian-black-quilted-jacket/222001107595?hash=item33b04c128b
  51. http://www.ebay.ie/itm/231678557774
  52. http://www.ebay.ca/itm/USSR-ARMY-MILITARY-LUXURY-WINTER-TANKER-SAND-JACKET-SHEEPSKIN-FUR-SIZE-52-3-/262747673469?hash=item3d2cfb537d
  53. http://www.ebay.com/itm/tank-crew-winter-army-uniform-soviet-russian-khaki-quilted-jacket-and-pants/221925778531?hash=item33abcea463
  54. http://www.ebay.com/itm/nos-tank-crew-jacket-48-2-winter-army-uniform-1987-soviet-afganka-khaki-quilted/231687183530?hash=item35f1a1dcaa
  55. http://www.ebay.ca/itm/USSR-ARMY-MILITARY-LUXURY-WINTER-TANKER-DARK-GREY-JACKET-SHEEPSKIN-FUR-/262540560653?hash=item3d20a3090d
  56. http://www.ebay.com/itm/nos-1994-tank-crew-winter-warm-uniform-belarus-army-kirza-quilted-jacket-48-3-m/231695685521?hash=item35f2239791
  57. http://iacmc.forumotion.com/t10093-soviet-tanker-winter-jacket-khaki
  58. http://picclick.ca/Ex-Rare-Russian-Army-Winter-Tanker-Jacket-Camo-262517975479.html
  59. http://www.ebay.com/itm/Vintage-Soviet-military-army-tank-pea-jacket-staff-Sergeant-size-48-winter-USSR-/332033355323?hash=item4d4ebaee3b:g:G8kAAOSwv-NWUGCL
  60. http://www.ebay.com/itm/NOS-1987-TANK-TANKMEN-CREW-SOVIET-ARMY-UNIFORM-PANTS-44-2-KHAKI-WARM-PADDED-/231687149503?hash=item35f1a157bf:g:HoUAAOSwQPlV9Zo1
  61. http://www.ebay.com/itm/NOS-1983-TANK-TANKMEN-CREW-SOVIET-ARMY-UNIFORM-48-4-PANTS-WARM-PADDED-WINTER-/231693606283?hash=item35f203dd8b:g:0fIAAOSwBLlVcIpk
  62. https://www.google.bg/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fthumbs.picclick.com%2F00%2Fs%2FOTAwWDEyMDA%3D%2Fz%2F-pcAAOSwbYZXcTRg%2F%24%2FSoviet-Military-Uniform-Tank-Man-Officers-Jacket-Size-_1.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fpicclick.ca%2FSoviet-Military-Uniform-Tank-Man-Officers-Jacket-Size-222200936064.html&docid=1tWhTTVL3tKdAM&tbnid=8LTgApZ2V4vQSM%3A&vet=1&w=400&h=300&bih=891&biw=1680&ved=0ahUKEwidsZ-qo5LQAhXEHxoKHVC3APcQMwiFAShiMGI&iact=mrc&uact=8
  63. http://www.ebay.com/itm/Russian-Soviet-tanker-jacket-tunic-pants-uniform-afghanka-Afghan-War-/112188207054
  64. https://www.google.bg/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fi46.photobucket.com%2Falbums%2Ff128%2Firishpuding%2FDSCN0402.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.boards.ie%2Fb%2Fthread%2F2055707189%2F4&docid=Y5oYlmgdPgcsFM&tbnid=I139Fz7WcDaRqM%3A&vet=1&w=1024&h=768&bih=891&biw=1680&q=gorka%204%20bars%20summer%20partizan&ved=0ahUKEwiDvOeh9OzQAhUGaxQKHTFRCgw4ZBAzCBEoDjAO&iact=mrc&uact=8#h=768&vet=1&w=1024

Videos

The Tankoviy kostyum makes many brief appearances in various Soviet military footage of Cold war era. Among many others, there are some in which it is more closely observed:

Гвоздика_и_Ака́ция

Гвоздика и Ака́ция

The Tankoviy kostyum makes few appearances in this 1970s Soviet footage of 2S1 Gvozdika and 2S3 Akatsiya self-propelled hotwizer demonstrations. The suit is briefly observed on both Gvozdika and Akatsiya crewmen, starting from 1:29.

ЗАПАД-81

ЗАПАД-81

The Tankoviy kostyum also makes an appearance in this 1981 Soviet footage showing aftermath of Zapad-81 (West '81), the largest Soviet military exercise. The suit is briefly observed on BMP-1 crewmen in few occasions. It can be also observed that while some of the tankers are wearing their TSh-4M helmets, the other ones are wearing the regular black berets. The KLMK coverall used by infantrymen can also be observed on few brief appearances.

МЫ_-_АРМИЯ_НАРОДА

МЫ - АРМИЯ НАРОДА

The Tankoviy kostyum also makes a brief appearance in this 1980s Soviet army promo video, featuring their popular song Mi - Armiya Naroda (We - Army of the People). The suit is seen on T-72 crewmen at 0:45 and again at 1:30. The M-69 service uniform and KLMK camouflage coverall can be also observed here.

T-80BV_in_East_Germany

T-80BV in East Germany

The late/khaki model of Tankoviy kostyum makes an appearance in this T-80BV MBT demonstration video from GDR in late 1980s. The suit is seen worn by the T-80 crewmen in few occassions - at 0:28, 2:05, 4:08 and 12:17.

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